Quedlinburg

The earliest ancestor appearing in Quedlinburg was Johann Peter Sehrbundt, a soldier in the Prussian squadron commanded by the Oberstleutnant v. Bredow, which was stationed in Quedlinburg. Johann Peter probably was born in 1715 in Ober-Olm in the Electorate of Mainz (Rheinhessen). It is unclear why he decided to go abroad as a soldier. He was his parents' sixth child and the second son. Two of the older sisters married in Ober-Olm, another one had an illegitimate child there. We do not know what became of the older brother Paul. The family's complete disappearance from Ober-Olm is the more surprising as at least Johann Peter's uncle Christian was an administrator (Schultheiß) there and seems to have been a well-respected person in the place.

Be that as it may, Johann Peter Serbont - spelled Seerbundt or Sehrbundt  in Quedlinburg - married the citizen's daughter Anna Margarethe Ritter in Quedlinburg in 1737.

Heiratseintrag

In 1753, then mentioned as musqueteer ("Mousquetier unter des Herrn Capitain Baron von Diebitzsch Compagnie"), he was accepted as a citizen in Quedlinburg. Because his squadron leader acted as an intercessor for him, and because he had married a citizen's daughter, the citizenship fee was reduced for him. At this point of time, he had three children, all of whom are mentioned by name in the citizenship protocol: Christian (b. 1740), Maria Margaretha (b. 1747), and Anna Catharina (b. 1750).


Eintrag im B├╝rgermahlsbuch: Musketier Peter Seerbundt aus Oberulm

Quedlinburg had been a Prussian garrison since 1698. The second battalion of the Infantery Regiment No. 21 was stationed here and in Halberstadt between 1722 and 1740. Between 1724 and 1744, it was lead by Heinrich Karl von der Marwitz, 1744 until 1756 then by Asmus Ehrenreich von Bredow. So far, we were unable to locate any muster rolls or other documents related to this unit, so that it is impossible to find out since when Johann Peter Sehrbundt served there. Being born in 1715, he must have been rather young at the time of entry, taking into account that he married in 1737, i.e. was able to sustain a family then. According to Prussian custom, the soldiers had to be in active service only during some months of the year. As long as they lived in the garrison town and could be summoned if necessary, they were allowed to follow another profession during the rest of their time, and many - like Johann Peter - were married and had children.

In the case of Johann Peter Sehrbundt, the regiment's history probably also explains the gap between the first and second child: the unit was active in the First Silesian War between 1740 and 1742, and between 1744 and 1745 in the Second Silesian War. The unit also was in campaigns during the Seven Years' War (1756-1763). This may explain why no additional children could be found. It may even be that he died on one of these campaigns, because until now, no death entry for Johann Peter could be found in Quedlinburg.

Unfortunately, we do not know which profession Johann Peter Sehrbundt followed in times of peace - the latter ones, however, possibly being limited to the years until 1740, in 1743, and between 1746 and 1755. His son Johann Christian was a shoemaker, the grandson and great-grandson then are documented as cloth makers.

Johann Christian Sehrbundt seems to have been the only son of Johann Peter, being born in 1740. At least two of his sisters died in 1768 of a contagious disease (Friesel), and almost at the same time, the mother also died of this disease. For Johann Christian, too, only three children could be documented: one daughter Anna Margaretha (b. 1779), and one son Christian Jacob (b. 1781), who later worked as a cloth maker in Quedlinburg. One Johann Jacob, who married in nearby Osterwieck in 1799 at the age of 24 years and explicitly is mentioned as being from Quedlinburg, probably was another son of Johann Christian, though no birth entry could be found for him until now.

Christian Jacob had six children, three of these being sons. The oldest, August David (b. 1807), was still alive in 1844, but we do not know what became of him afterwards. Andreas (b. 1814) became a cloth maker, remained in Quedlinburg, and had offspring. Friedrich was born in 1828, but nothing else is known about him.

Karl Martin Friedrich, the son of Andreas, was born in 1842, and became a supervising gardener in Quedlinburg.


 

Publications about Quedlinburg and the Prussian military:

Büsch, Otto: Militärsystem und Sozialleben im alten Preußen 1713-1807, Berlin 1962, repr. Frankfurt etc. 1981

Jany, Curt: Geschichte der Preußischen Armee vom 15. Jahrhundert bis 1914. Vol. 1, 2nd, rev. ed. Osnabrück 1967

Jany, Curt: Die Kantonverfassung Friedrich Wilhelms I., in: Forschungen zur Brandenburgischen und Preußischen Geschichte 38 (1926), pp. 225-272

Kleemann, Selmar: Die Familiennamen Quedlinburgs, Quedlinburg 1891

Kleemann, Selmar: Kulturgeschichtliche Bilder aus Quedlinburgs Vergangenheit (Quedlinburgische Geschichte, vol. 2), Quedlinburg 1922

Lehmann, Max: Werbung, Wehrpflicht und Beurlaubung im Heere Friedrich Wilhelm's I., in: Historische Zeitschrift 67 (1891), pp. 254-289

Lorenz, Hermann: Werdegang von Stift und Stadt Quedlinburg (Quedlinburgische Geschichte, vol. 1), Quedlinburg 1922

Mülverstedt, G.A. von: Das Halberstädter Infanterie-Regiment. Notizen zu seiner Geschichte in den Jahren 1713-1763, in: Zeitschrift des Harz-Vereins für Geschichte und Alterthumskunde 13 (1880), pp. 227-243
 

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