Quedlinburg had been a Prussian garrison since 1698. The second battalion
of the Infantery Regiment No. 21 was stationed here and in Halberstadt
between 1722 and 1740. Between 1724 and 1744, it was lead by Heinrich Karl
von der Marwitz, 1744 until 1756 then by Asmus Ehrenreich von Bredow. So
far, we were unable to locate any muster rolls or other documents related
to this unit, so that it is impossible to find out since when Johann Peter
Sehrbundt served there. Being born in 1715, he must have been rather young
at the time of entry, taking into account that he married in 1737, i.e.
was able to sustain a family then. According to Prussian custom, the soldiers
had to be in active service only during some months of the year. As long
as they lived in the garrison town and could be summoned if necessary,
they were allowed to follow another profession during the rest of their
time, and many - like Johann Peter - were married and had children.
In the case of Johann Peter Sehrbundt, the regiment's history probably
also explains the gap between the first and second child: the unit was
active in the First Silesian War between 1740 and 1742, and between 1744
and 1745 in the Second Silesian War. The unit also was in campaigns during
the Seven Years' War (1756-1763). This may explain why no additional children
could be found. It may even be that he died on one of these campaigns,
because until now, no death entry for Johann Peter could be found in Quedlinburg.
Unfortunately, we do not know which profession Johann Peter Sehrbundt
followed in times of peace - the latter ones, however, possibly being limited
to the years until 1740, in 1743, and between 1746 and 1755. His son Johann
Christian was a shoemaker, the grandson and great-grandson then are documented
as cloth makers.
Johann Christian Sehrbundt seems to have been the only son of Johann
Peter, being born in 1740. At least two of his sisters died in 1768 of
a contagious disease (Friesel), and almost at the same time, the mother
also died of this disease. For Johann Christian, too, only three children
could be documented: one daughter Anna Margaretha (b. 1779), and one son
Christian Jacob (b. 1781), who later worked as a cloth maker in Quedlinburg.
One Johann Jacob, who married in nearby Osterwieck in 1799 at the age of
24 years and explicitly is mentioned as being from Quedlinburg, probably
was another son of Johann Christian, though no birth entry could be found
for him until now.
Christian Jacob had six children, three of these being sons. The oldest,
August David (b. 1807), was still alive in 1844, but we do not know what
became of him afterwards. Andreas (b. 1814) became a cloth maker, remained
in Quedlinburg, and had offspring. Friedrich was born in 1828, but nothing
else is known about him.
Karl Martin Friedrich, the son of Andreas, was born in 1842, and became
a supervising gardener in Quedlinburg.
Publications about Quedlinburg and the Prussian military:
Büsch, Otto: Militärsystem und Sozialleben im alten Preußen
1713-1807, Berlin 1962, repr. Frankfurt etc. 1981
Jany, Curt: Geschichte der Preußischen Armee vom 15. Jahrhundert
bis 1914. Vol. 1, 2nd, rev. ed. Osnabrück 1967
Jany, Curt: Die Kantonverfassung Friedrich Wilhelms I., in: Forschungen
zur Brandenburgischen und Preußischen Geschichte 38 (1926), pp. 225-272
Kleemann, Selmar: Die Familiennamen Quedlinburgs, Quedlinburg 1891
Kleemann, Selmar: Kulturgeschichtliche Bilder aus Quedlinburgs Vergangenheit
(Quedlinburgische Geschichte, vol. 2), Quedlinburg 1922
Lehmann, Max: Werbung, Wehrpflicht und Beurlaubung im Heere Friedrich
Wilhelm's I., in: Historische Zeitschrift 67 (1891), pp. 254-289
Lorenz, Hermann: Werdegang von Stift und Stadt Quedlinburg (Quedlinburgische
Geschichte, vol. 1), Quedlinburg 1922
Mülverstedt, G.A. von: Das Halberstädter Infanterie-Regiment.
Notizen zu seiner Geschichte in den Jahren 1713-1763, in: Zeitschrift des
Harz-Vereins für Geschichte und Alterthumskunde 13 (1880), pp. 227-243